5 12 Wenchuan earthquake occurred, the Public Safety Research Center, Tsinghua University, Chen Tao, Dr. Akishino strong two emergency call to the State Department Office of Emergency Management.
Communication interruption, network outages, disaster victims, how? How kind of housing the damage? Whether there is a landslide? Wenchuan after the earthquake, the earthquake relief command of the basic situation as the most urgent needs of those who control information. The Public Safety Research Center, Tsinghua University, an important work undertaken by the parties is to aggregate the information, make a disaster analysis and secondary, derivative disaster analysis, decision-making reference for the leadership. May 17 morning, the first born of Emergency Response thematic map, which has led to grasp the overall situation of the disaster, the emergency rescue command and provide a basis for linkage.
To complete this work, they rely on emergency platform is an integrated application system. “Platform correspond to the ‘brain’.” Research Center at Tsinghua University public safety office is responsible for emergency comprehensive application development platform, Professor Huang Quanyi made a vivid analogy.
Emergency platform has a smart “brains”
“Emergency platform is the first tool is a block blackboard.” Professor Huang Quanyi cited an example: When the earthquake, earthquake aftershock Bureau will inform the Department of Meteorology, the precipitation will forecast the future, will remind the concerned Ministry of Land and landslides, Ministry of Water Resources will promptly inform the blocked lake, the situation, Ministry of Civil Affairs will be the deployment of relief, but in all professional sectors can only be reported to the State Council separately in their respective fields, while the emergency platform can act as a “blackboard” function, the views of all sides to Jina . Enter the relevant data in the emergency platform and start the comprehensive evaluated analysis model, the platform will act as the “brain” function. It makes clear a comprehensive judged obtained results, including the basic situation of disaster, possible secondary disasters, the scope and extent of the disaster, need to activate the special, departments, local emergency response plans, participate in emergency response units and responsibilities, emergency Rescue teams need, materials, equipment, funds, now have the materials sector and the local situation and the geographical distribution, which results in an intuitive thematic maps, data tables show the form of the “blackboard” on. At the same time these results, the platform can give several sets of contingency plans.
“By wired communication and wireless communication systems, can achieve centralized dispatching and wireless command and dispatch functions; for remote command, extended ‘legs’ of the function; by video conference, to extend the ‘eyes’ of the function; and through the Emergency platform, extending the ‘brain’ function. “Quan-Yi Huang said, make” eye “visible and” hands “and tangible role into full play, a powerful” brain “is particularly critical.
Smart “brains” forward-looking vision
In fact, the intelligent “brain” not only provides the “past” and “current” state of the data, thus making analysis, while it also has a very strong forward-looking vision: to provide “future” trends Disaster expected consequences, intervention, emergency decision-making, is expected to rescue the results assessment, and comprehensive monitoring and control. “‘Brain’ has found a potential threat to the early warning function.” Quan-Yi Huang said the emergency system will be secondary, derivative disasters and plans take into account the chain gave up.
The same time as the development, “brain” can give a new emergency plan at any time. For the distribution of relief supplies throughout the coming “brain” will be allocated according to the situation around, the materials deployed to the most needed. Similar methods have also been used in the rescue personnel deployment.
To achieve intelligent “brain” work, Quan-Yi Huang that the need for information support in three areas. First, the demand side, there is a demand of information reported to headquarters; followed by a supply-side, hands have something to supply; third, to send that information. “Only three conditions are neat, and to the human, financial, and material allocation to the most needed.”
Should focus on the collection and building a database of basic information
In fact, the emergency platform not only for disaster relief, preparedness systems in the Olympic venues figures also used this platform.
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