Originally referred to the measuring instrument designed to measure water, gas, electricity, oil pressure, flow, temperature precision equipment. Including thousands of varieties of products in the last century, after 20 years, with the micro-electronics technology and the increasing development of communication technology. Accordance with the scientific classification of modern measurement include scientific measurement, legal metrology, engineering, measuring three aspects. Scientific measurement task is to develop and establish the basic standards of measurement devices, to ensure value delivery and traceability for legal metrology and engineering instructors to provide basic protection.
The task of legal metrology is the people’s livelihood, the importance of measuring instruments and commodities, measuring the amount of behavior measured by the government supervision of the administrative department in accordance with law, to ensure that relevant and accurate value. Engineering measurement task is to society as a whole traceability of the activities of other measurements, provide measurement calibration, testing services, on this basis, we are divided into specific geometric measurement, temperature measurement, mechanical measurement, electromagnetic measurement, optical measurement, acoustic measurement , electronics, measurement, time and frequency measurement, measurement of ionizing radiation, chemical metering.
China’s current all kinds of measuring instruments more than 6000 companies, has formed a relatively complete variety of categories, with certain technological base and production scale industrial system has become the second largest in Asia excluding Japan, measuring instruments producer. 95 years, our measuring instruments and meters industry, the overall situation is to move forward. Product miniaturization, integration, intelligence, development direction of the bus, and so keep up the pace of international development, emergence of a group of technologically advanced new products, a group of private enterprises with considerable scale the rise of industrial development of China’s measuring instruments The new force.
It should be clear that, although our measuring instruments and meters industry, a certain development, but far from being able to meet the national economy and scientific research, national defense construction and various aspects of social life, the urgent needs of the growing, measuring instrument products in China, most of belonging to middle and low technical level, but also reliability and stability of key indicators, not yet fully meet the requirements, high-grade, large-scale equipment is almost entirely dependent on imports, mid-range products, and many of the key parts and components, foreign companies also occupy more than 60% domestic market share of .
Restricting the development of our measuring instruments and meters industry factors. China lags behind the development of measuring instruments, there are many problems facing the severe situation, the main factors that focus on the following four areas:
First, technological innovation and industrial progress stagnated
Modern measurement is light, machine, electricity, computers, and many kinds of basic disciplines highly integrated product of the new technology is very sensitive to replacement of products of modern industry, frequency of application and development of new technologies very quickly, one category each year a number of new product launch, especially in today’s information age, competition has become increasingly intense, slightly slow down the pace of development, will be far behind.
Already entered the 21st century, China’s general level of measuring instruments still at the beginning of the 20th century, 80 years on the international level, large-scale and high-end equipment almost entirely dependent on imports, and many much-needed special equipment or a blank, middle and low product assurance quality, there are still many difficulties need to overcome. Scientific and technological innovation and industrialization development has stagnated and is restricting our measuring instruments and meters industry, the development of a “bottleneck” and restricting our measuring instruments and meters industry, technological innovation and development has stagnated There are three main factors: first, a serious shortage of research funds; The second is lack of qualified personnel; third is the lack of government, industry, academia, research, whole, with effective integration.
Second, a long-term stability and reliability of products is not a fundamental solution
My measurement products, including industrial automation instrument systems, communications equipment, etc., although the technical specifications of similar products abroad, compared with the gap is not great, but the stability and reliability is not high. Greatly limited the use of our measurement products and credibility of the reason for three main areas:
(1) Long-term neglect of the basic technology research development.
(2) made the basis of common parts and pieces of quality, but off.
(3) business-to-product quality control and management of poor product quality, but off.
Third, the old system, constrained the development of enterprises
The old system that hinders China’s economy, especially the state-owned enterprises to develop a common problem. Equipment industry is no exception. A considerable number of state-owned enterprises, due to the shackles of the old system, we can not burden the students to disentangle the history, the loss of vitality in the market competition, production and management of serious landslides, a large number of backbone enterprises in the line between life on a struggling Therefore, the pace of institutional reform is an important way of development
I am China Manufacturers writer, reports some information about foam grip tape , childrens train set.
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